Biotechnology - Helping Us All Move Into The Future
Biotech engineering is a field of science that is expected to make considerable advances in the years ahead. This is an amazing industry that has the potential to create great change in our lives. We already see the effects of biotechnology in agriculture. In farming, crops can already be grown which have a far greater resistance against disease. There is also the potential to create resistance to other natural phenomena. Biotechnology is perfectly suited to contribute to improved human health as well. Advanced engineering can increase the production of necessary new drugs. Of course there are also potential dangers which we will need to overcome.
Many of the concepts of biotechnology have been known for years. In fact, some of the techniques used in farming could be considered as precursors to today's bio technology. There have always been attempts to cross pollinate plants and to breed animals which have characteristics desired by the owner. While these are suitable examples, they are not truly biotechnology as the genes themselves were never deliberately manipulated. Recent advances allow us to have far more powerful techniques at our disposal. We will have to use them wisely to get the most from them without harmful side effects. Certainly it can be difficult when the exact consequences are not predictable in advance.
We already know that some crops can be grown to produce far greater food yields relative to their acreage than they used to. This can be enhanced even more with greater disease and weather resistance. What is not known is how these changes may impact the surrounding ecosystem. For example, a particular new crop strength may reduce the population of certain typical parasites. In turn these crop parasites may have been food for small animals living in the area. What happens to those animals? Would they be threatened if the parasite is eliminated? Just think about the intentional and unintentional introductions of new species in an area and you'll realize that there are often chain reactions which can be difficult to determine in advance.
As mentioned above, biotech engineering can also be used to produce crops which are resistant to weather conditions, typically drought or extreme cold. There are some parts of the world in which the daily temperature can vary greatly from the seasonal average. This adds a good deal of risk to the growing of crops. If a new strain can be developed which retains water for longer, it will be able to survive in conditions which may have previously have killed it. Similarly, plants can be cultivated which will survive in temperatures lower than typical. This allows for increased yields even in years when cold would have previously wiped out many crops.
The use of biotechnology engineering in medicine also hold great potential. This can be very profitable and save lives on a significant scale. It is possible that new drugs can be produced, but just as likely, or even more so, is in increased production quantities of existing drugs. For example, insulin has been used to treat diabetes for many years. People depend on regular insulin injections because their own pancreas fails to produce enough. Through advances in bio technology, insulin can be grown via genetically altered plants. It is of the same quality, but costs much less to make in large quantities.
The potential for biotech engineering throughout society are about to unfold into an exciting reality. There will be many new employees needed in the upcoming years. If you are serious about forging your own career in this field, you will need to get a bachelor's degree from a college or university. To get hands-on research, you will likely have to physically attend the college of your choice, though there are some remote learning alternatives. If you already have an existing career, online learning has opened up possibilities which did not exist before. The remote and online learning options are likely to cover much of the general course material. Then you'll still have to specialize in a specific area of biotech engineering.
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